The scientist that developed the very first successful rabies vaccine is Louis Pasteur together with his colleague, Émile Roux, in 1885. Global Alliance for Rabies Control (GARC) is a nonprofit organization that coordinates this international campaign and is approved by World Health Organization (WHO) as well as other worldwide animal and human health organizations. They strive to raise awareness about the effect of rabies on humans and animals. Furthermore, this campaign is designed to inform people about this dangerous condition and how to prevent it. Below are the causes, symptoms, and the available treatments for this disease.
Causes of rabies
Rabies is a virus-like disease that is caused by Lyssavirus, which affects the brain of the animals and humans. The virus attacks the peripheral nerves to reach the central nervous system, causing inflammation in the brain. The virus can be spread from an infected animal to other animals or to humans if the infected animal bites or scratches another animal or human. This disease can be also transmitted through the saliva of the infected animal if it comes in contact with the nose, eyes, mouth, or an open wound. Generally, rabies conditions in humans happen as a result of infected dogs, but other animals can also get infected by this virus, such as foxes, skunks raccoons, and bats. In the US for example, the most common cause of rabies in humans are infected bats. Cats can get infected by this virus as well as many other animals.
Symptoms of rabies
The symptoms of rabies in animals can include fearfulness, aggression, staggering, seizure, difficulty in swallowing, seizure, and paralysis. Even though it is a popular belief that animals infected with rabies become aggressive, they can also turn into uncharacteristically affectionate animals because of the infection. This infection can make the wild animals to lose their fear of people. In horses and other livestock, the infection can result in self-mutilation, sensitivity to light, and even depression. The rabies infection in animals can be diagnosed solely after their death when their brain matter is examined.
In humans, however, after being bitten by an animal infected with rabies, it could take 1 to 3 months for the symptoms to appear. The very first symptoms include fever, muscle weakness, and tingling feeling. Other symptoms may appear, such as burning feeling in the area of the animal bite. The rabies virus moves towards the brain which can lead to 2 sorts of symptoms:
Paralytic rabies in infected humans leads to paralyzation and possibly slipping into a coma. Ultimately, the infected person dies. In furious rabies, the person becomes hyperactive and excitable, and also they might behave unpredictably. Some of the other signs and symptoms are insomnia, hallucination, anxiety, agitation, excess salivation, difficulty in swallowing and fear of water.
It is hard to diagnose rabies in the early stage because the signs and symptoms aren’t distinguishable and generally seem like flu. World Health Organization (WHO) recommends Fluorescent antibody test (FAT), to be used for diagnosis of rabies. This disease can be effectively diagnosed only after examining the brain matter which is right after death.
Treatments of rabies
Right after being bitten or scratched by an animal infected with rabies, the patient must be injected with rabies immunoglobulin in order to prevent the infection from spreading, and then the rabies vaccination is given to prevent the disease. In a period of 2 weeks is given a total of 5 rabies vaccine injections. If you happen to get attacked by an animal, it’s highly recommended to wash the wound and seek medical attention immediately. The doctor will clean the wound and then give you a rabies vaccination which will protect you from the disease. It is very important to notice that not every animal is rabid, but if you ever get bitten or scratched by any kind of animal it’s best to see a doctor.